This project focuses on the Development of Waste-to-Energy Solutions using Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC) in the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal as a case study. The rising population in KMC has caused an increase in an enormous volume of waste and energy demand. This study looks at the MSWM system in Kathmandu and its potential for energy production via cleaner technology. Challenges regarding the current waste management system based on literature and documents are pointed out. Further, Technologies to convert waste to energy are analyzed, and suggests strategies towards aligning KMC waste management with Nepal’s SDG agenda. This research is totally based on secondary information from literature and journals. Findings indicate that Anaerobic Digestion (AD) is the most appropriate method for organic waste in KMC because it generates a large fraction of organic waste. The recovery process is yet to be formulated in KMC so all this waste is transferred to a landfill. The new framework is developed in this study for MSWM integrating WTE technology for energy recovery in the waste hierarchy for a sustainable waste management approach. This will help in reducing the bulk of waste and generate renewable energy.

Authors: Bipana Puri, Nkechi Nwankwo, Titus Olaniyi

Published in: World Congress on Sustainable Technologies (WCST-2023)

  • Date of Conference: 13-15 November 2023
  • DOI: 10.20533/WCST.2023.0006
  • ISBN: 978-1-913572-64-8
  • Conference Location: St Anne’s College, Oxford University, UK