“ZPD” An Approach to Develop Urdu Reading and Writing Skills among Students with Hearing Impairment
Poor reading and writing abilities of children with deafness add on the effect of hearing loss to the extent that they are not able to communicate even for their basic needs such as food, shelter, and health etc. This phenomenon is very unique in this part of world as children with hearing loss living in other countries do not experience such handicap. Children with hearing impairment face difficulty in acquiring reading and writing skills not because of their inherent shortcoming but only because of outdated methods of teaching based on a particular ideology (frozen beliefs) about teaching and learning processes of these children. Such ideology does not allow any change in existing conditions as both teachers and students do not know their real interest. Children with hearing impairment use signs as their first language. But unfortunately sign language is discouraged by the teachers. This clash of interest creates a barrier between teachers and learners. A lack of communication leads to poor cognitive development. As a result the students with hearing impairment are not able to master the basic Urdu vocabulary to develop reading comprehension and written expressions. Moreover, students with hearing impairment face tremendous difficulties in their communication with other people when they join the world of work after schooling. This study was conducted to i) investigate the effectiveness of video clipping in teaching Urdu reading and writing to students with hearing impairment by using ZPD approach. For this pretest-posttest control group design was applied to conduct the study. An Urdu Reading and Writing test was used to compare the pre-post test results of the students with hearing impairment after getting the treatment through video clips. Results revealed that there was a significant gain in reading and writing abilities of students with hearing impairment by following ZPD approach.
Published in: London International Conference on Education (LICE-2016)
- Date of Conference: 14-17 November 2016
- DOI: 10.2053/LICE.2016.0033
- ISBN: 978-1-908320-76-6
- Conference Location: Heathrow Windsor Marriott Hotel, UK