One method of potentially improving effectiveness of educational leadership is the situational leadership approach, in which a leadership style is chosen depending on the situation. This approach is also useful for schools within highly diverse areas, such as multicultural, multilingual, and multinational countries. In this paper, a study will be presented in which the leadership approaches taken by principals and teachers were explored to understand to what degree situational leadership is used. Schools in two countries will be explored: Canada and Iran. The results indicate that the teachers did not switch their
style, nor did the Iranian principal, but the Canadian principal switched between two different styles. The comments and differences between the schools show inconsistencies between the education system’s organizational structure and the styles needed for more effective leadership. These results also highlight the need for situational leadership.

Authors: Sirous Tabrizi, Hadi Esmaeili

Published in: Canada International Conference on Education, 2023

  • Date of Conference: 26-28 June, 2023
  • DOI: 10.20533/CICE.2023.0032
  • Electronic ISBN: 978-1-913572-58-7
  • Conference Location: Residence and Conference Centre, Toronto, Canada