Primary School Governance in Bangladesh: A Practical Overview of National Education Policy- 2010
The National Education Policy- 2010 (NEP-2010), approved by the National Parliament in December, 2010, provides a framework for primary school administration. Policy gives immense power of internal supervision and monitoring to the Head Teachers (HT) of the schools, while providing little room for community people and parents in school governance by suggesting establishment of parents teachers committee. The policy, in the process of decentralization of primary education system, empowers school management committee (SMC) to monitor school management and ensure community participation in the development activities of school. For external supervision, as a part of decentralization, every education officer is assigned certain number of schools. Annual evaluation report of teachers and HT is to be made by HT and SMC respectively. However, in reality, we find that HT, in many cases, is in ‘all in all’ role in school management; balance of power between HT and SMC, transparency and accountability in regard of school management is rarely found; almost no community and parents’ participation in school management and development activities is found; external supervision seems insufficient and ineffective to a large extent; and annual evaluation report is often manipulated by HT. In fact, policy does not draw any clear cut sketch which can ensure a good coordination among stakeholders and can work as a remedy to above mentioned realities. This paper suggests that education policy should have provisions which will create a balance of power between HT and SMC, and enhance check and balance and coordination among all the stakeholders in terms of school management. External supervision plays a significant role in school management. So, there should be more external supervision. This paper also aims at reflecting on effectuality of NEP-2010 by going through primary data.
Published in: Canada International Conference on Education, 2017
- Date of Conference: 26-29 June, 2017
- DOI: 10.2053/CICE.2017.0147
- Electronic ISBN: 978-1-908320-83-4
- Conference Location: University of Toronto Mississauga, Canada